People with diabetes run a greater risk of experiencing eating problems. Exact prevalence rates are difficult to provide because of inconsistencies in definitions, methodologies and small study samples. Binge eating (regularly eating abnormally large quantities of food in an uncontrolled manner, feeling a lack of control) is one of the most common eating problems in people with diabetes. Both in the general population and among people with diabetes binge eating is related to psychological conditions. To date few studies have investigated eating styles (dietary restraint, emotional eating and external eating) in people with diabetes. This study, co-authored by Diabeter psychologist Giesje Nefs, aimed to assess 1) the prevalence of binge eating in a large sample of adults with diabetes (both T1D and T2D) and 2) differences between people with and without eating binges, and 3) differences between eating styles, diabetes treatment, weight, BMI and diabetes outcomes, and psychological comorbidity.
The current study sample comprises n=1,317 participants of the MILES (Management and Impact for Long-term Empowerment and Success) study, who completed questions on eating behaviours (Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire [DEBQ]).
Key findings (related to T1D):
Concluding, the authors state