Psychosocial Aspects


Nefs G, Nguyen L, Winterdijk P, Hartman E, Sas T, Nuboer R, De Kruijff I, Bakker-van Waarde W, Aanstoot HJ, Pouwer F.

Study protocol of Diabetes LEAP: a Longitudinal study Examining emotional problems in Adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their Parents/caregivers. BMC Pediatr. 2019; 19: 377.

T1D requires intensive daily self-care to maintain good glucose levels. Risk of emotional problems increases in adolescence, complicating self-care in this life stage. However, not much is known yet about the extent of mood and anxiety problems, as earlier studies are limited by a small sample size, lack of diagnostic interview data, a focus on depression only, non-adolescent specific estimates, lack of information about parental emotional problems and/or a cross-sectional design.


Diabetes LEAP (Longitudinal study examining Emotional problems in Adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their Parents/caregivers) has been set up to:

  • Longitudinally assess the true scope of emotional diabetes-related anxiety and depression in patients and their parents/caregivers, using diagnostic interviews and a number of validated questionnaires.
  • Identify possible risk factors to predict the risk of developing emotional problems so that timely treatment can be initiated.
  • Make an inventory of current psychosocial care.


For Pubmed abstract click here.

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